Date: 13th April
Jallianwala Bagh Day is one of the most atrocious days in Indian history which callously took life of many Indians. On this day, the rarest of rare massacre happened in a public garden of Amritsar named Jallianwala Bagh and took life of thousands of innocent people. The most ruthless act of Britishers, Jallianwala Bagh Day pays tribute to all those people who were killed brutally by General Dyer.
Even after 66 years of Independence, when we plunge into the history of India, our heart still mourns for the huge loss took place at Amritsar. After the massacre, Jallianwala Bagh turned into a memorial structured by American architect Benjamin Polk and inaugurated by the Dr. Rajendra Prasad in the year 1961.
About Jallianwala Bagh Massacre...
An unarmed meeting of approximately 20,000 people was organized on April 13, 1919 and many Hindu, Sikhs and Muslims participate in this meeting. The main reason behind this gathering was to protest against inhuman Rowlatt Act imposed by Britishers. Under this act, police officials could arrest any person suspected of terrorism devoid of any trial.
In order to protest this act in a peaceful way, thousands of Indians gathered at Jallianwala Bagh, where the roads very narrow. British official General Dyer was aware of this meeting so he marched there with a car full of guns and squad of 50 soldiers. On arriving at the park, he ordered his soldiers to shoot people blindly. It is said that pitiless soldiers fired more than 1600 rounds and they stooped killing people when they ran out of bullets.
Stunned by this awful incident, British Government organized a commission and found Dyer wholly responsible for this horrifying episode. As a result, General Dyer was relieved of his all duties. The sacrifice of those lost their lives is merely incalculable and the day served as a trench in India’s Independence Movement. Every year, many people go to Jallianwala Bagh and bow down their heads to pray for the departed souls.