Date: 15th January
Month: January, April, October
Place: Assam, Bengal and other regions of India
Attractions: Cultural Dance, Music, Buffalo Fight, Competitions, Bihu Dance etc.
The Bihus as being the national festivals of Assam are celebrated with great passion and zeal. There are three Bihu festivals in Assam that include “Bohaag” which is celebrated in Baisakh or the middle of April, “Magh Bihu”, which is celebrated in the middle of January, and “Kaati”, which is celebrated in the mid of October. Each of Bihus happens together with a unique phase in the farming calendar.
Bohaag Bihu: It marks the New Year at the beginning of seeding time, whereas the Kaati Bihu marks the ending of sowing & transplanting of paddies, and lastly the Maagh Bihu marks the finish of the harvesting period. Bohaag Bihu is also known as “Rangali Bihu” or the Festival of the Merriment. Similarly Magh Bihu is also recognized as “Bhogali bihu”, or the Festival of food, and Kaati Bihu is also known as “Kongali Bihu” or the festival of the poor.
Magh Bihu (Bhogali Bihu): It is derived from the word Bhoga that means eating or delight. At this time harvesting gets over and people look forward to the upcoming days without any want. It is a harvest festival that is also celebrated in Bengal. The eve of the Bihu day also called “Uruka” that means the last day of “Puh or Pausa month as per Hindu calendar. On this day women get busy making rice cakes with other refreshments.
Kati Bihu (Kangali Bihu): Kati Bihu also known as Poor Bihu is the time when paddy seeding starts to grow. By the veening, offerings are prepared to the Tulsi plant is the backyard. Tiny earthen lamps means diyas are lighted at the bottom of the Tulsi plant. People pray pujas to God to offer improved yield of crops. The importance of this festival can better be observed in villages where farmers flock to their respective fields and light akash-Banti or the sky lamps suspending from high bamboos, to eradicate pests as well as other insects.