Date: 05th January
The diversified land of India is wholly steeped with a number of festivals that showcases the rich culture and heritage of the country. Paush Purnima holds a special place in the list of Indian festivals. The Hindu festivity marks the starting of one month long severity that is observed during the holy month of Magha.
As per the lunar calendar, which is mainly followed in northern parts of India, the Hindu month of Magha begins from the next day of Paush Purnima. The Hindu festival usually falls in the month of January and one can see a lot of devotion on this consecrated day.
On the auspicious occasion of Paush Purnima, millions of devotees gather at the shrine at the temple of Prayag in Allahabad to take the holy bath. At the confluence of three mythical rivers- Yamuna, Ganga and Saraswati, one can see numerous people who pay visit at this divine place to take a dip in the sacred water.Religious Significance of Paush Purnima
It is mentioned in Hindu mythological tales that by taking dips in the sacred water of these three legendary rivers, one will be liberated from all the sins committed by him/her and attain Moksha. Thousands of worshippers from various parts of world congregates here and take dip in the divine river water at places like Ujjain, Haridwar, Nasik, and Allahabad.Paush Purnima Rituals
Taking holy dip is the main ritual, which starts since the crack of dawn. After taking bath, devotees pour water in front of Sun God and perform various religious rituals. They also pour water on the divine statues of Shivalinga and offer prayers to the God.
Along with these ancient customs, charities and donations are bestowed to the poor people as it is considered holy. On Paush Purnima, Hindu temples are flooded with devotees who enthusiastically made offerings like fruits, flowers and incense sticks.
Lord Satyanarayan is worshipped on this Hindu festival. Devotees perform puja and the God is worshipped with holy items like kokum, paan, supari, banana leaves, til, fruits, and other things. Panchamrit is prepared with sweets, tulsi leaves, holy water, honey, milk, and banana. Prasad is made by sugar and roasted wheat powder. After the completion of all the rituals, Prasad and panchamrit are distributed to people gathered at the place of worship.Shakambari Jayanti
On Paush Purnima, Hindu devotees also celebrate festivals like Satyanarayan Vratham, Charta and Shakambari Jayanti. It is believed that the heavenly incarnation of Goddess Shakti emerged on earth on this day. Goddess Shakti is believed to be the Goddess of green leaves, fruits and vegetables.
As per the mythological saga, once there was a severe drought. The drought converted earth into a parched land. As a result, all the animals and plants on earth started losing their lives without water. Therefore, Goddess Bhagvati appeared on earth in the form of Shakambari Devi and blessed all living beings with a new life.Charta Festival
Mainly the people living in the rural areas of Chhatisgarh celebrate Charta festival. Charta is the harvest festival and celebrated with full exuberance by the tribal communities of the state. On this festival, tribal communities sing songs; men and women perform dance, and savor delectable feast.